Data Structures

Detailed Explanation on Arrays in C/C++

An array in C/C++ is a collection of elements of the same data type that are stored in contiguous memory locations. The elements of an array can be accessed by their index, which is an integer value that represents the position of the element in the array.

An array is defined by specifying its data type, the name of the array, and the number of elements in the array. For example, to define an array of 10 integers, you would write:

int myArray[10];


The elements of the array can be accessed using the array name followed by the index in square brackets. For example, to access the first element of the array, you would write:



It’s important to note that the index of the first element in an array is always 0, not 1. So, in the example above, the first element of the array is myArray[0], the second element is myArray[1], and so on.

You can also initialize an array with a set of values when you define it. For example, to create an array of 10 integers with the values 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, and 10, you would write:

int myArray[10] = {1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10};


You can also use a loop to iterate through the elements of an array. For example, to print out all the elements of an array, you would write:

for (int i = 0; i < 10; i++) { cout << myArray[i] << endl; }


It’s important to note that the size of an array in C/C++ is fixed and cannot be changed after it is defined. If you need a dynamic array that can grow or shrink in size, you can use a data structure called a vector, which is available in the C++ Standard Template Library (STL).

Overall, arrays are a powerful tool for storing and manipulating data in C/C++, and they are commonly used in a wide range of applications such as scientific computing, game development, and data analysis.